Weather Extremes Explained

Water has the greatest ability to absorb and release heat from all known substances, and is therefore absolutely essential for the climate system of our planet.

At some point in time, humans started to transform natural landscapes. Traditional practices of urbanization, deforestation and agriculture damage natural water cycles. We are thus setting off a complete chain reaction - destabilization of the water cycle by degrading the soil- and groundwater - leading to continents warming up resulting in increasing extreme weather.

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EXTREME WEATHER & TERRITORIES

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I. Healthy land territory

A water saturaded territory has a functioning small water cycle and local ecosystems thriving

II. Negatively impacted developed territory

Dense urban areas, industrialized agricutlure and poorly managed forrests impact local climate

III. Positively impacted developed territory

Even damaged landscape can be transformed into a healthy and functional eco-system while maintaining current quality of life standards

I. Healthy land territory

In healthy, water saturated areas, water circulates many times in small amounts and for short distances. The majority of water that evaporates condenses again in the given region. This causes the majority of the solar energy to be consumed in evaporation, as vegetation protects the ground from overheating.

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Result:

Frequent and regular local precipitation maintains healthy levels of soil moisture and groundwater
Well regulated temperature within the territory over time

Stable and predictable weather

Note:

* for example a tree with the crown of 10 m (11 yards) diameter is capable of evaporating 400 l (264 gallons) of water through breathing thus cooling off the air of 150x its volume by a degree! This is equivalent to 10 AC units, but there is a big difference though – all vegetation is entirely solar powered, noiseless, absorb dust, surrounding noise and what more, it binds CO2 and releases the heat bound up in water vapor in cooler locations as precipitation.

II. Negatively impacted developed territory

A common feature of urban areas is the lack of vegetation such as tree cover, rainwater goes directly into sewage and is channeled into rivers and subsequently into the sea. Modern agricultural practice consists of draining large swaths of land which is then subsequently artificially irrigated for growing crops. This large-scale draining and vegetation removal is connected with the release of colossal amounts of heat – the territory is slowly transformed into heat islands. *

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Result:

Irregular and accumulated precipitation along with urban infrastructure and dried out soil leads to decrease of soil- and groundwater level
Temperatures in the territory reach extreme levels

Unpredictable and extreme weather

Note:

* for example sensible heat released from just 10 km2 of drained land (or 4 sq. mi – size of an ordinary small town) for a sunny day is comparable with the power generated by two nuclear power plants on that same day
** surely you had this experience before - just stand on the road or next to a concrete building during a summer day. Compare it to the refreshing feeling in a park or under a tree, even on a hot and sunny day.

III. Positively impacted developed territory

We can transform a damaged developed territory into a healthy, functional ecosystem with replenished resources.

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Result:

Return of frequent and regular local precipitation. This replenishes higher level of soil moisture- and groundwater
Sufficient amount of water moderates temperatures in the territory - both over space and time

Predictable and stable weather is restored

IMPORTANT:

Wait a minute!

So if you say no rainwater should ever be flushed away, where would the water in rivers come from? Well, rivers are created by streams – there is plenty of stream water originating from groundwater which create creeks merging into larger ones to form rivers. Please check our solution section to learn more about how a negatively impacted territory can be transformed into a positively impacted one.

Please check our solution section to learn about how a negatively impacted territory

can be transformed into a positively impacted one.